Impact d'un programme d'entraînement sur le bilan lipidique des patients obèses sévères à 6 et à 12 mois suivant une dérivation biliopancréatique avec commutation duodénale ou une gastrectomie pariétale

Authors: Tardif, Isabelle
Advisor: Poirier, Paul
Abstract: Obesity increases the risk of many health issues like type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, stroke, osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnea and many types of cancer. This risk is even higher facing severe obesity which is a prevalent health problem that continues to rise. Cardiovascular risk assessment in severely obese patients has already been measures in a few studies using the Framingham risk score. Even if this score has not been validated in this population, it remains a tool to express many risk factors evolution in a given patient over time. Global management of obesity include changes in health behaviors and pharmacological and surgical treatment. From now on, surgical treatment is the only effective treatment in severely obese patients to significantly achieved weight loss and the resolution of many comorbidities including sleep apnea, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia. Dyslipidemia refers to any blood lipid alterations. Surgical treatment is divided in two classes of bariatric surgery that are the restrictive and hybrid procedures. Comorbidities resolution vary according to each specific procedure. The main objective of this study was to compare, with a control group, the effect of a supervised training program between the 3nd and the 6th month following bariatric surgery (either restrictive or hybrid) on blood lipids. We found that a supervised training program of 12 weeks following bariatric surgery was able to further increase HDL without having impact on the other blood lipids (total cholesterol, total cholesterol/HDL ratio, apo-B, TG, LDL and nonHDL). This training program did not further decrease the cardiovascular risk of patients as estimated by the Framingham risk score.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 24 May 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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