Analysis of the part-load and speed-no-load flow dynamics in a model propeller hydraulic turbine

Authors: Houde, Sébastien
Advisor: Deschênes, ClaireDumas, Guy
Abstract: Hydraulic turbines have become an important asset to provide power regulation on electrical grids. However, power-regulation scenarios require turbines to operate far from their best eciency conditions, in regions where large pressure uctuations aect the turbine structural integrity. This is particularly acute for xed blade reaction turbines such as propeller units. This thesis presents contributions to the study of the hydrodynamics of the ow in a model propeller turbine operating in part-load and speed-no-load conditions. In part load, the main pressure uctuations are associated with the part-load vortex. Data from Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), coupled to Laser Induced Fluorescence and shadowgraphy techniques, were used to reconstruct the water-vapour interface and to identify the origin of uctuations aecting the precision of the phase-averaged PIV measurements. Furthermore, miniature pressure transducers imbedded in two runner blades and strain gages at the blade roots provided data to quantify the impact of the part load vortex on the runner. This thesis also presents one of the rst detailed studies on transient and no-load conditions in a model hydro-turbine. Pressure and strain sensors were used to identify the dominant ow instabilities in speed-no-load and runaway conditions. Scale Adaptive Simulations (SAS) of the speed-no-load condition were used to study a rotating stall dominating the runner ow. Simulations without runner blades indicate that the rotating stall is associated with an unstable shear-layer originating from a recirculation around the runner hub and a boundary layer separation on the turbine head cover. Those results open the possibility of eventually developing mitigation techniques.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 23 May 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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