Mesoporous catalysts for ammoxidation of acrolein to acrylonitrile
|Abstract:||Acrylonitrile is a raw material in polymer industry with a large scale demand and it has been produced from fossil origin. Current research trends for a greener chemical industry are promoted by using platform molecules of biological origin such as glycerol. Designing catalysts becomes an essential part to develop these products. Heterogeneous catalysts, especially mesoporous metal oxide catalysts, play a major role in petrochemical industry. Therefore, the scope of this thesis is to develop new, effective and useful mesoporous catalysts for ammoxidation of ex-glycerol acrolein to acrylonitrile. Based on the traditional catalysts for propene/propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile, a series of molybdates and antimonates based catalysts supported in mesoporous silica was developed. First, bismuth molybdate oxides were supported in mesoporous silica KIT-6 using the hard-templating method. Different phases of bismuth molybdates were synthesized, characterized and tested for ammoxidation of acrolein to acrylonitrile. The reaction conditions were carefully optimized at different temperatures, flow rates and reactant ratios. The obtained catalysts showed good catalytic activity, selectivity and stability, especially, the samples containing mixed phases of bismuth molybdates. Second, a series of molybdate and antimonate mixtures supported on mesoporous silica using a soft-templating method was also studied. This new soft-templating method was developed based on the evaporation induced self-assembly (EISA) technique and dual surfactants as structure directing agents. The obtained catalysts exhibited high specific surface area and large pore volume. In addition, the catalytic results indicated that molybdates in mixture state play a major role in acrolein ammoxidation. Some of the above catalysts were chosen to study the reaction mechanism of acrolein ammoxidation to acrylonitrile. Because oxygen (air) and ammonia are reactants in this process, the effects of oxygen vacancies and ammonia reduction on catalytic activity were then investigated. The obtained results demonstrated that the catalysts having more oxygen vacancies and being readily reduced by ammonia showed higher catalytic activity. All catalysts containing molybdates showed good catalytic activity and selectivity for acrolein ammoxidation. Thus, a new reaction mechanism was proposed over molybdates oxides as catalysts.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||23 May 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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