Effet des modifications de surface de fibres lignocellulosiques sur les propriétés morphologiques, mécaniques et physiques de composites à base de polyéthylène linéaire de basse densité par rotomoulage

Authors: Hanana, Fatima Ezzahra
Advisor: Rodrigue, Denis
Abstract: This thesis is divided into six parts. The first part is related to the understanding of the rotomolding process and a description of composite materials based on lignocellulosic fibers. In the second part, a literature review on composites produced by rotomolding is presented. The objective of the third part is to understand the modification of maple fibers in solution by maleated polyethylene (MAPE) and its effect combined with fiber content on the morphological and mechanical properties of the composites. The fourth part studies the effects of fiber size, modification in solution as well as fiber content on the morphological, thermal, physical and mechanical properties of the composites. The fifth part investigates the effect of MAPE modification in solution, fiber content and particle size of maple fibers on the morphological and mechanical properties of selfhybrid composites. Finally, the effect of the surface treatment in solution, the content and the fiber size (maple and hemp) on hybrid composites is presented. The results showed that the fibers (maple and hemp) were successfully modified by MAPE in solution, which improved the interface quality between the matrix and fibers, leading to better mechanical properties. Moreover, the results showed that the effect of fiber size was significant as the tensile modulus increased by up to 73% with the use of 355-500 μm at 30% wt. of maple fiber compared to those produced with 125-250 μm. The production of self-hybrid composites was able to improve the mechanical properties compared to simple composites. An increase in the tensile modulus (63%), tensile strength (17%) and density (17%) was obtained by using a 75/25 ratio of maple/hemp fibers at a total fiber content of 20% wt. compared to the neat matrix.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 23 May 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/29820
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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