Multiplexage par division modale pour les applications à courte distance

Authors: Mirzaei Nejad, Reza
Advisor: Rusch, Leslie
Abstract: Mode division multiplexing (MDM) has received extensive attention by researchers in the last few years. The main motivation behind using different modes of optical fiber is to increase the capacity of transport networks. Initial experiments showed high complexity in DSP of the receiver. In this thesis, we investigate the viability and challenges for data transmission over specially designed few mode fibers (FMF) for MDM systems with reduced DSP. Our studies include both coherent and non-coherent data transmission. In our first contribution, we demonstrate, for the first time, data transmission over 4 channels in a novel OAM fiber without optical polarization demultiplexing. We use reduced DSP complexity: two sets of 2×2 multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) equalizers instead of a full 4×4 MIMO equalizer block. We propose a novel mode demultiplexer enabling us to receive two polarizations of a mode simultaneously and conducting polarization demultiplexing electrically in receiver DSP. We also investigate the OSNR penalty due to imperfections in the mode demultiplexer and we examine the maximum reachable baud rate for our system. In our second contribution, we study the modal impairments in OAM-MDM systems, focusing on their effect on receiver performance and complexity. In our experimental study, for the first time, we discuss the impact of two non-data carrying modes on data channels carried by OAM modes. Two different types of OAM fibers are studied. We characterize our MDM link using time-of-flight and impulse response measurement techniques. We discuss conclusions from characterization results with studies of the impact of modal interactions on receiver equalizer complexity for different data transmission scenarios . In the third contribution, we study a novel polarization-maintaining FMF and conduct two sets of coherent data transmission and non-coherent radio over fiber (RoF) experiments. We demonstrate for the first time, MIMO –Free data transmission over six and four channels in coherent and RoF systems, respectively. We also demonstrate, for the first time, RoF data transmission over two polarizations of a mode in a FMF. We discuss the performance degradation due to crosstalk in such systems. We also study the impact of bending on this fiber in RoF context. The polarization maintaining property of this fiber under bending is studied both via characterization and data transmission experiments.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 7 May 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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