Étude des performances du procédé d'ultrafiltration lors de la concentration d'hydrolysats trypsiques de β-lactoglobuline prétraitée par hautes pressions hydrostatiques

Authors: Boukil, Abir
Advisor: Doyen, AlainPouliot, Yves
Abstract: Enzymatic hydrolysis of β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) generates a large amount of peptide species including some bioactive peptides.However, the stepof protein hydrolysis can be improved by decreasing the digestion time while increasing the peptide yield. Several studies focused on the use of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) to improve the denaturationof the native β-LG structure and thus to accelerate its enzymatic hydrolysis and yieldof bioactive peptides.Nevertheless, HHP is reported to affect the resulting peptide profiles by modifying hydrophobic/hydrophilic peptides ratiowhich may negatively affect the performance of ultrafiltration (UF) used to fractionate and concentrate bioactive peptides.Therefore, the aim of this project was to evaluate the performances of UF forthe filtration of tryptic hydrolysates generated after pre-pressurization ofβ-LGat 400 and 600 MPafor10min.After hydrolysate fractionation by UF in total recirculation modeand concentration modes, it has been demonstrated that β-LGpre-pressurization at 400 MPainduced the recovery ofhigher peptide relative abundance in the hydrolysates, including several bioactive peptides (VAGTWY and ALPMHIR), compared to other conditions(0.1 and 600 MPa).At the same time, permeate fluxes were 31% lower at 400 MPa. Characterization of peptide desorbedfrom UF membranes has shown that the antihypertensive peptide (ALPMHIR) was identified as the main fouling peptide.However, other negatively charged peptides were specifically identified at 400 MPa, including VAGTWY (an antioxidant and antidiabetic peptide). Consequently, while pre-pressurization of β-LGat400 MPa improved the recoveryof bioactive peptidescompared to other conditions, UF performances were negatively impacteddue to thisHHP pretreatment.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 7 May 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/29625
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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