Étude des fonctions de la protéine FANCI via la caractérisation d'un nouveau modèle murin de l'anémie de Fanconi

Authors: Dubois, Émilie
Advisor: Masson, Jean-Yves
Abstract: Nowadays, about 2000 patients have been diagnosed with Fanconi Anemia (FA). At a cellular level, this rare disease is caused by a defect in reparing a specific type of DNA damage: Interstrand CrossLinks (ICLs). Both transcription and replication can be compromised by ICLs, and therefore long term cell survival. The FA-BRCA pathway is in charge of detecting DNA lesions caused by ICLs and activating their repair, and counts now more than twenty proteins. At a macroscopic level, FA diagnosis is complex due to various and not systematic symptoms: pancytonemia, congenital and developmental defects, and cancer predisposition. As most of FA symptoms are not exclusive to the disease, concerns and interests are multiple. As a consequence, Fanconi Anemia represents an interesting model of study, when it comes to work on oncogenesis, hematopoiesis, gametogenesis, and DNA repair. The description of the molecular mechanism is improving, although many questions remain. Among them, the exact role of the ID2 complex, formed by FANCI and FANCD2 proteins, remains nebulous. More and more studies have been describing unique functions for FANCD2, leading to the hypothesis of independent functions for FANCI. As complex physiological processes can not be studied in vitro, creating and studying animal models represents an interesting alternative. In order to answer the questions raised on FANCI functions, we have decided to create and characterize the new Fanci-/- mouse model, with a possible comparison with the already described Fancd2-/- mouse. Our results show epistatic roles with FANCD2 on one hand, and independent functions of FANCI during gametogenesis on the other hand. To conclude, this thesis brings a strong and new mouse model to study Fanconi Anemia and more specifically the roles of FANCI. It also gives some physiological proofs that FANCI can act independently of the ID2 complex, which could slightly nuance the actual molecular pathway.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 7 May 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/29624
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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