L'Église catholique cubaine, entre réforme politique et réforme ecclésiale : la réception du concile Vatican II à Cuba (1963 - 1998)

Authors: Pérez Valencia, Felipe
Advisor: Routhier, Gilles
Abstract: The long twentieth century was rife with political, economic and religious events. Some of them not only shook the era in which they occurred but have resonated through the years until today. Such is the case of the Vatican II Council and the Cuban Communist Revolution. The Vatican II Council was convened by Pope John XXXIII in order to free the Catholic Church from the obstacles which hampered its transition to modernity. Unlike previous councils, the Catholicism did not seek to condemn the world or confront doctrines deemed harmful to the evolution of the Church. It would instead be a council to dialogue with the times, to bring the Church closer to the suffering and the poor, to transform it into an instrument of salvation in the service of peoples. The sessions of the Council, which took place between 1962 and 1965, were necessarily followed by a stage of reception of the conciliar teachings. This stage stimulated extraordinary dynamism in certain regions of the Catholic world, particularly in Latin America, home to almost 40% of the world's Catholic population. In Cuba, it was different. On this Caribbean island, the stage of receiving the conciliar teachings coincided with the imposition by the State of ideas borrowed from the most staunch and orthodox Soviet Marxism. The conjunction of these two reforms – one political and social, and the other religious – created an unfavorable environment to the evolution of the Church. While Catholicism in the world and Latin America was on the path of renovation, Cuban Catholicism was plunged into the worst crisis ever experienced in the realm of church-state relations. The purpose of the current research is to present the journey of Cuban Catholicism from the beginning of the Vatican II Council through the late twentieth-century when it finally became possible to receive and implement the teachings of Council. It’s the reconstruction of the history of the only Catholic nation in the Americas that had to live the Council behind the great iron curtain which, one day, divided the world.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 7 May 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/29622
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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