L'intégration communautaire dans les ressources d'hébergement non institutionnelles en santé mentale de la région de Québec
|Abstract:||Hundreds of people with a severe mental health disorder live in intermediate and family-type resources in the Quebec region. The main purpose of these structures is to integrate vulnerable people into the community. The aim of this research is to determine the impact of intermediate and family-type resources owners’ as well as their employees’ interventions on the community integration of their residents. This study uses Segal and Aviram’s (1978) community integration model as a conceptual framework. Their model proposes to divide the community integration into two concepts: internal and external integration. Internal integration refers to the evolution of residents in the housing environment, whereas external integration concerns the engagement of residents outside the residence. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with residents, owners, and employees of intermediate and family-type resources in the Quebec region. The sample was comprised of 12 actors involved in the field of mental health housing resources including five residents, four owners, and three employees. The data collected were analyzed using a thematic content analysis. The main interventions carried out by owners and employees to ensure the residents’ community integration are grouped into six categories: the establishment of rules, group activities, management of the consumption of goods and services, the formation of a residents’ committee, support for family relationships, and the sustainment of activities independently carried out by residents. It was shown that owners’ and employees’ interventions focus on two objectives: developing residents’ autonomy and ensuring their protection. Owners’ and employees’ authority status is used as one of the main tools to intervene with their customers. Results from this research confirm, but also contradict, previous findings regarding the tension between residents’ need for protection and autonomy, owners’ and employees’ authority status, and the impact of these individuals on the community integration of residents. Keywords: intermediate resource, family-type resource, community integration, mental health, mental illness, resident, autonomy, protection, authority.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||3 May 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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