«S'il n'y avait plus la coutume, il n'y aurait plus les Kanak» : un rapport complexe entre conservation et développement du territoire (Commune de Yaté, Nouvelle-Calédonie)

Authors: Nonnon, Jordan
Advisor: Poirier, Sylvie
Abstract: This master thesis is constructed around the notion of territory and what the latter represents for the Kanak of New-Caledonia. As the Indigenous people of the archipelago, the Kanak are intimately linked to the land they occupy which thus becomes the primary underpinning of the group’s identity and history. The social organization, the rhythm of life as well as the indigenous representations are mostly derived from the manifold relationship they maintained with the territory. In such configuration, one cannot dissociate a human being from his mound. As a result of colonization and the historical evolution of the archipelago, Kanak society has undergone major transformations at the social, cultural, political and religious levels. However, one has to admit that many of the specific features of their tradition and custom have been preserved, valued and even revised in the course of time. Faced with the current developmental context, the Kanak appropriate for themselves the tools of modernity and try to make their voices heard at the local and national levels, while asserting their identity, their culture and their willingness to deal with the actors of development. The thesis analyzes the relationships and interactions between Indigenous and non- Indigenous people around the management of territory and its resources in the commune of Yaté in southern New-Caledonia. It focuses on the practices and expectations of the Kanak people in relation with the issues raised by the presence of the other groups of actors and interests in the region and by the difficulty to conciliate the conservation and the development of the territory.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 3 May 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/29579
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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