Effets des charges sur les chaussées en période de restriction des charges-volet laboratoire

Authors: El Youssoufy, Ahmed
Advisor: Doré, Guy
Abstract: During the spring thaw period, pavements experience a significant decrease of their bearing capacity, which leads to increased deterioration during that season. The Ministry of Transportation of Quebec enforces load restrictions during the thawing and the recovery of the pavement structures to ensure they are protected from excessive thaw associated damages. The main objective of this paper is to present the results of an investigation of the structural behaviour of a pavement structures during freezing and thawing under laboratory controlled conditions using the Laval University heavy vehicle simulator (HVS). The results of the study will be used to develop criteria to assists the authority in the decision-making process for the implementation and the removal of load restrictions. A typical four-layer flexible pavement structure was built inside an indoor concrete test pit at Laval University. The pavement section was instrumented to monitor horizontal strains in the asphalt concrete layer as well as vertical stress, vertical strain, and water content in each unbound layer and in subgrade soil. Temperature was also monitored in all layers. The new HVS was used to impose 5000 kg (normal conditions), 5500 kg (winter) and 4000 kg (spring load restrictions) loads on a standard dual-tire assembly. The load simulator was also used to induce three freeze-thaw cycles to a depth of 1,5 m in the pavement structure. The results allowed quantifying the relationship between pavement response and freezing/thaw depth and to identify the critical conditions of the thawing period. Also, the results showed that the application of a load restriction period during the thaw allowed to have a gain on the life cycle, thus a load restriction period is justified and effective. However, to optimize the load restriction period, new management criteria have been proposed in this project.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/28382
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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