Au-delà du travailleur! : un examen de l'objet et du champ d'application de la Loi sur la santé et la sécurité du travail

Authors: Samson, Julian
Advisor: Laflamme, Anne-Marie
Abstract: This thesis focuses on the object and scope of application of the Act respecting occupational health and safety (AOHS). It maintains that the purpose of this Quebec legislation is to protect not only workers, but also: 1) other persons at work and 2) persons other than those at work, namely the public at large. In this sense, the stated object of the AOHS, as worded in section 2, is incomplete and does not encompass its entire purpose. Moreover, this thesis re-examines the limits of the scope of application of the AOHS. With regard to the individual dimension of the Act, this thesis challenges the idea that the presence of workers is essential to its application. As for its territorial dimension, this thesis reiterates the idea that the AOHS goes beyond the strictly defined workplace itself and extends to any place where work is carried out. Finally, from the Act there emerges a new circumstantial dimension – based on work activity – that transcends the territorial and individual dimensions, but is not well defined and not fully reflected in the Act. However, this dimension would appear to further foster the achievement of the objectives of the AOHS. These findings regarding the object and scope of application are based, first of all, on an examination of the entire text of the Act and its attendant regulations. They are also explained by the origins and history of laws relating to occupational health and safety. Although these findings are supported by the fundamental rights stated in national and international labour law instruments and, more broadly, in legislation relating to the right to life and to personal security and inviolability, they nevertheless clash with the wording of many of the provisions of the AOHS, which refer strictly to “workers.” The rules of interpretation and the principles of administrative law cannot fully remedy this situation. Ultimately, this thesis invites the legislator to amend the AOHS to improve the protection of the health, safety and physical well-being of all individuals in the achievement of work activities, which is the fundamental object of this Act.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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