L'adéquation des discours relatifs à la négociation de plaidoyer avec leur mise en œuvre : une analyse comparée, historique et sociologique

Authors: O'Brien, Marc-Étienne
Advisor: Stylios, Alexandre
Abstract: Noticing the current enthusiastic internationalization of plea bargaining and fearing its possible consequences on the imperatives of qualitative justice, the author proposes to question the appropriateness of the use of this practice by examining the extent to which the discourses related to plea bargaining match with the implementation of this practice, that is, the extent to which the hopes and apprehensions attached to the use of plea bargaining are founded. The author first adopts a historical approach when studying the discourses surrounding the de facto emergence of plea bargaining in the United States and in Canada and the legislative introduction of plea bargaining in France. The study of the initial opposition of Anglo-Saxon actors to the use of plea bargaining, of their gradual acceptance of this practice and of the introduction of French forms of plea bargaining known as composition pénale and comparution sur reconnaissance préalable de culpabilité reveal the main hopes and apprehensions attached to the use of plea bargaining. Some commend its greater efficiency and repression, while others fear that it contravenes the basic principles of criminal justice, that it induces unwilling guilty pleas and that it introduces greater randomness in case disposal and punishment. Using a sociological approach, the author then proceeds to study the available literature in order to assess the extent to which the American, Canadian and French models of plea bargaining balance the imperatives of efficiency and qualitative justice. The available data show that there is a serious imbalance in the United States and a fragile balance in France, although the data is insufficient to paint a picture of the Canadian situation. The author concludes that the magnitude of the stakes and of the distance between the discourses related to plea bargaining and the implementation of the different models do not command enthusiasm but caution in the use of this dangerous practice.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/28339
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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