Les facteurs influençant l'adoption du dossier de santé électronique personnel (DSE-P) pour le suivi et la gestion des maladies chroniques en première ligne de soins au Québec

Authors: Ghandour, El Kebir
Advisor: Gagnon, Marie-PierreFortin, Jean-Paul
Abstract: In Quebec, My Digital Primary Health Care (MDPHC) is the first electronic personal health record (ePHR) implementation project funded by the province. However, little is known about ePHR implementation, adoption and use in healthcare organizations in Quebec as well as there is little information on their potential impacts. Mainly, adoption is a major concern for ePHR implementation. Indeed, despite the numerous potential benefits associated with ePHR use, the literature reports low adoption rates. Therefore, this research aimed to explore the perspective of chronically ill patients, professionals and managers regarding ePHR adoption, and to examine perceived barriers and facilitators to adoption among users enrolled in an ePHR pilot project in a primary care organization in Quebec. We conducted a case study with mixed method research, predominantly qualitative, in a primary care organization that has implemented an ePHR as part of the MDPHC project funded by the Government of Quebec. In this research, the strategies for data collection were: 1) a quantitative survey carried out in the project pre-implementation phase within a family medicine group, 2) individual semi structured interviews and 3) documentary analysis in order to describe the project context and evolution. We mainly conducted a descriptive statistical analysis of the quantitative data, and a content analysis of data collected during individual interviews and from project documents. Fifty-seven participants completed the questionnaire, and 43 people, including 29 patients (18 users and 11 users), 11 professionals and three managers were interviewed. We identified the most salient facilitators and barriers to ePHR adoption by chronically ill patients and professionals, and to ePHR integration into clinical practice. The main factors are patients’ and professionals’ individual characteristics; the quality of the patient-professional relationship and the clinical practice context in primary care organizations; the characteristics of the offered technology and organizational conditions and support to ePHR use. The contribution of our research was at two levels. First, we were able to identify the most salient conditions that can influence ePHR adoption by chronically ill patients and healthcare professionals and we verified their relevance to the context of the primary care in Quebec. Also, we applied for the first time a new conceptual framework for the analysis of the organizational conditions influencing ePHR adoption by professionals based on a new practical approach that links ePHR adoption by professionals to the project effectiveness of the implementation. ePHR represents a promising tool to support a more active role for chronically ill patients in their individual health condition and healthcare management in collaboration with clinical teams. Moreover, by improving chronically ill patients’ experience of care and increasing their interactions with professionals, ePHR seems to have a prominent place in primary care organizations in Quebec. However, the implementation and adoption of such tools have to be considered under new organizational model involving the patient participation and his collaboration with the clinical team, which it is the main premise. However, such an approach must rely on a change in culture, and requires rethinking several clinical and organizational processes and a negotiation and redefinition of roles and responsibilities of actors in the health network for a new patient- clinical team partnership where ICT should also be adapted to support new practices and a reorganization of the services. This would then lead to focus on the development and integration of informational and communicational innovative tools much more steeped in the clinical and organizational realities. ePHR can be complementary to the electronic medical record, the primary health care professionals’ working tool, with which it is the same set. Keywords: Electronic Personal Health Record, Adoption, Implementation, Chronic Disease Management, Primary Health Care, Case Study, Quebec.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/28256
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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