Impacts de l'intervention RASA (Ressources alimentaires et sanitaires aux Australes) sur les concentrations d'acides aminés et l'insulino-résistance chez des adolescents de la Polynésie Française

Authors: Pana, Magnoudewa
Advisor: Lucas, MichelAyotte, Pierre
Abstract: Background: Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) and aromatic amino acids (AAA) are perceived as early metabolic markers of obesity and insulin resistance (IR). No study has examined the changes (Δ) in the early metabolic markers after to specific body composition changes in adolescents, i.e. concomitant analysis of fat mass (FM) and fat free mass (FFM). We assessed data of a school-based intervention carried out in French Polynesia to bring out those evidences. Objectives: To assess changes in BCAA, AAA and cardiometabolic (CMB) markers in French polynesian adolescents according to weight status and IR , and changes in FM and FFM after a 5-month intervention. Methods : 226 adolescents participated in a school-based intervention on diet and physical activity (RASA). Four categories of body composition changes were formed (FM+/FFM-, FM+/FFM+, FM- /FFM-, FM-/FFM+) for the concomitant analysis. Analysis of covariance was used to obtain mean Δ of BCAA, AAA and CMB markers concentrations according to weight status and HOMA-IR2 (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance) tertiles at baseline, and according to the categories of body composition changes. Results : At baseline, BCAA and AAA concentrations were positively associated with weight status and HOMA-IR2 tertiles. For categories of body composition changes after the 5-month intervention, ΔHOMA-IR2 (95% IC) was 0.24 (0.05; 0.43) for FM+/FFM-, 0.23 (0.06; 0.40) for FM+/FFM+, -0.41 (-0.78; -0.04) for FM-/FFM-, and -0.40 (-0.63; -0.16) for FM-/FFM+. ΔBCAA was not significant for FM+/ FFM- [-0.86 (-3.68; 1.97)], but descreased signicantly for FM-/ FFM- [-4.95 (-9.04; -0.87)]. ΔAAA of -0.86 (-3.68; 1.97) was not signicative for FM+/FFM-, but decreased significantly by -1.48 (-2.65; -0.31) for FM+/FFM +, -2.51 (-4.40; -0.63) for FM-/FFM-, and -3.38 (-4.50; -2.25) for FM-/FFM+. Conclusion: FM loss was associated with a reduced concentration of metabolic markers of obesity and HOMA-IR2. A FM loss concomitant to FFM gain has an additive effect on improvement of metabolic markers. Our findings indicate the relevance of taking into account changes in both FM and FFM when investigating metabolic changes induced by obesity interventions.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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