Effets des acides gras polyinsaturés oméga-3 dans deux modèles murins de maladie de Parkinson

Authors: Coulombe, Katherine
Advisor: Calon, FrédéricCicchetti, Francesca
Abstract: Parkinson's disease (PD) is an incurable neurodegenerative disease affecting the integrity of the dopaminergic system of patients. Several studies suggest that lifestyle and eating habits influence the onset and progression of the disease. A diet rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated acid (n-3 PUFA) shows protective effects on the dopaminergic system and a decrease of the neuronal degeneration in the substancia nigra (SNpc). The hypothesis that we propose is that a diet enriched in n-3 PUFA would slow the progression of the disease in a 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) mice model and influence the presence of alpha-synuclein aggregates (αSyn) in the brain of a transgenic mice overexpressing the human αSyn, Thy1-αSyn mice. Our results show partial neurorecuperation of the dopaminergic system with an enriched diet. The n-3 PUFAs show little influence on the expression of αSyn levels. Altough, they seem to modulate the levels of different synaptic proteins in transgenic mice and increase mice longevity.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/28207
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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