Étude de la sous-unité GluN2B lors de l'activation de la calpaïne
|Advisor:||De Koninck, Paul|
|Abstract:||NMDA receptors are essential for synaptic function. They activate various signaling cascades, including that of calpain. This protease can cleave the C-terminal tail of the GluN2B subunit of the NMDA receptor (NMDAr), but the consequences of this cleavage, in neuronal functions, is not yet known. The objective of this study is to detect the C-terminal fragment induced by calpain and to study its possible interactions with other proteins, such as CaMKII, and also, its role in the modulation of signaling cascades involved in synaptic function. I therefore performed biochemical studies by Western blot on different fractions (nuclear, cytosolic, postsynaptic density (PSD), non-PSD) of cortical neurons in culture aged 12 to 15 days and observed the cleavage of the GluN2B subunit by applying an excitotoxic stimulation composed of 100 μM glutamate and 10 μM glycine, which is known to activate all NMDA receptors (synaptic and extrasynaptic) (Papouin et al., 2012). This stimulation generated a fragment at 60 kDa in the PSD fraction specific to the GluN2B subunit. I have also demonstrated, through immunoprecipitation experiments, the interactions of this C-terminal fragment with CaMKII and PSD95, which has never been observed in the past. Finally, this fragment could possibly be able to maintain the activity of CaMKII during the excitotoxicity processes and to induce the neuronal death and several pathologies.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||24 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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