Conception and validation of non-conventional mechanical charaterization protocols specific to soft tissues for vascular application

Authors: Lainé, Audrey
Advisor: Mantovani, D.
Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases represent one of the principal causes of death worldwide. It is therefore of high importance to improve our understanding of their mechanisms of action and their impact on health. To help people suffering from these diseases, tissue engineering is emerging as a promising technique for developing regenerated constructs to replace diseased tissues and organs. However, apart from being biologically compatible, the developed construct also needs to have mechanical properties like the one of native tissues. It is therefore necessary to perform mechanical characterization on the tissue engineered construct to validate its suitability. When it comes to mechanical characterization, a lot of approaches are used by different research groups as there is absolutely no standard in this field. In this context, the objective of this thesis is to develop and validate non-conventional mechanical characterization protocols specific to soft tissues for vascular application. First, a testing protocol was developed to characterize disk-shaped collagen gel samples. Secondly, the same collagen gel, but in tubular geometry, were densified and also characterized. Finally, a mechanical testing protocol and device was developed in order to characterize very small caliber blood vessels, such as mouse aortas. This thesis also presents other techniques for mechanical characterization used for vascular tissue, as along with protocols developed in the process of external collaboration with different research groups.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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