Les valeurs de l'Union européenne

Authors: Labayle, Simon
Advisor: Delas, Olivier
Abstract: The European Union is, according to Article 2 TEU, "founded" on "values" precisely identified. The preamble of the Charter of Fundamental Rights draws a similar conclusion in almost identical terms. These "values" are inseparable from the EU under its primary law. The legal affirmation of this fundamental dimension is systematically claimed. It refers to a research of essentiality suggesting that the Union voluntarily gives a central place to its values, which confirms the analysis of the main stages of its history. This choice is expressed in various provisions of the founding Treaties. These values carry a decisive influence on fundamental issues such as the definition of the objectives of the Union (Article 3 TEU), the imposition of any sanctions against Member States that threaten their integrity (Article 7 TEU), the orientation of the relationships it forges with its neighbours (Article 8 TEU), and the terms of the possible accession of a state outside the European Union (Article 49 TEU). Beyond the symbolic, legal and political scope of these themes, the values determine the specific identity of the European Union. Thus, it is appropriate to question the concrete translation of the founding dimension of the values in the integration project and, therefore, to test the strength of community beliefs. The aim of the research is to determine whether a Union based on values can withstand the rigour of scientific analysis as well as the pressure of events. In order to demonstrate the consubstantial nature and the irreversibility of the link shared by the European Union and its beliefs, it is crucial to highlight the structural and functional vocation of the values for the Union. Lastly, their existential scope is yet to be assessed as this will depend from the level of their protection, whether political, administrative or judicial. Keywords: Values, Principles, Identity, Accession to the European Union, Enlargement, Right to withdraw, Pluralism, Accession to the ECHR, Crisis, Rule of law, Judicial dialogue.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/28087
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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