La participation sociale dans les résidences privées pour aînés : perceptions et expériences des résidents

Authors: Andrianova, Anna
Advisor: Raymond, Émilie
Abstract: The current context of an aging population calls for more careful consideration of retirement homes, particularly in terms of social ties. After moving to a retirement home, many seniors want to continue to feel useful and to actively participate in society. The purpose of this qualitative research is to explore and better understand the perceptions and experiences of seniors living in retirement homes with respect to their social participation. We are looking at whether retirement homes encourage the accomplishment of life habits, if seniors are seen as active participants in the life of their community and whether they participate in leisure activities both inside and outside the retirement home. Eleven individual, semi-directed interviews were conducted with residents of retirement homes in the Capitale-Nationale region. The data was processed using the NVivo11 software and analyzed using a content analysis method. The Human Development Model - Disability Creation Process 2 guided the analysis of the data collected. The results provide a better understanding of the participatory biography of the participants in the study and identify the factors that may influence their social participation. In terms of results, our study identified several factors relating to personal life and the retirement home environment that influenced the social participation of residents. Regarding seniors’ personal lives, the most important factors are the use of satisfactory coping strategies, involvement in the community through volunteering or work, and the absence of health problems. From an environmental point of view, the main factors are geographical proximity to seniors’ support network, a varied range of activities and staff stability. The discussion provides answers to the research questions. Recommendations are made for intervention strategies and future research that would address the issues generated from this study. Keyword : qualitative research, social participation, retirement home, seniors, aging, life habits, social relationships, social life, leisure activities.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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