Formation of polyols from phenolic compounds in bio-oils

Authors: Fang, Zheng
Advisor: Kaliaguine, S.
Abstract: Polyurethane (PU) is the most wildly used synthetic polymer in many applications like coatings, adhesives, elastomers, foams, and fibers. Nowadays, lignin is used in the synthesis of PU. A highly efficient yet low-cost conversion of lignin is a key element in the commercial utilization of lignocellulosic biomass conversion. Using lignin to replace part of polyols in polyurethane synthesis follows two main approaches: (1) directly using lignin without any preliminary chemical modification; (2) using lignin with chemical modification. Oxypropylation-modified lignin has been recognized as an effective method to produce lignin polyols. In addition to lignin, some other compounds which have the same functional groups as lignin can be used in the PU industry, such as guaiacol, phenol and catechol. The increasingly reduced availability of fossil fuels has caused increasing concerns over the last few decades. Biomass is considered a potential raw material to be used widely and extensively because of its huge abundance in nature. Among the thermochemical technologies for using biomass resources, pyrolysis seems to be the most promising due to its potential capacity to enable commercial-scale plants to use abundant, cheap, and local lignocellulosic biomass. A number of phenolic compounds prepared by vacuum pyrolysis can be classified into three groups bearing the same functionalities as guaiacol, phenol, and catechol. In this project, we have first studied the oxypropylation reaction of guaiacol in producing a product with suitable performance. Since the yield was even less than 3%, Williamson ether synthesis was used as a second method for modifying guaiacol, phenol and catechol. The yield was approximately 55% to 65%, and the characterizations were also the same as usually mentioned in the literature for the corresponding polyols for the compounding polyols.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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