Nouveaux marqueurs pronostiques dans la sténose aortique à bas débit

Authors: Dahou, Abdellaziz
Advisor: Pibarot, PhilippeBeaudoin, JonathanClavel, Marie-Annick
Abstract: Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valvular heart disease in developed countries. Low-flow AS is not uncommon. Approximately, 5 to 10 % of patients with severe aortic stenosis have a low cardiac output with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF< 50%; i.e. classical low-flow), and about 10-25% have a low-flow AS despite preserved LVEF (> 50%, i.e. paradoxical low-flow). The presence of a low cardiac output is often accompanied by a low gradient and small aortic valve area (AVA) and can thus distort the assessment of AS severity and lead to non-adequate therapeutic decision. Two main challenges are posed by these patients. The first is to differentiate a truly severe AS from a pseudo-severe AS, i.e. a failing left ventricle unable to fully open valve slightly or moderately stenotic. This distinction is crucial because the aortic valve replacement will be beneficial only in the case of true-severe AS, according to the literature. The second challenge is to accurately quantify myocardial damage to better stratify the risk. Unfortunately, traditional parameters derived from rest or stress echocardiography that are used to assess the severity of AS and myocardial dysfunction are not adequate in low flow state. Therefore, quantification of the disease severity and the ensuing therapeutic management may not be appropriate in a large proportion of these patients. The general objective of this doctoral project is to determine which of the echocardiographic, electrocardiographic, and blood biomarkers will allow us to better assess severity of AS and myocardial impairment and independently predict morbidity and mortality. The ultimate aim is to improve the algorithms of risk stratification and the therapeutic decision making in these patients.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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