Connecteurs en cisaillement pour développer l'action composite dans les ponts aluminium/acier

Authors: Desjardins, Victor
Advisor: Annan, Charles-DarwinFafard, Mario
Abstract: Aluminium alloys have many properties that make this material fit for structural uses, in particular in a nordic climate. This metal has indeed a good weight/resistance ratio, an excellent corrosion resistance, a high resilience at low temperatures, and a good formability. For these reasons, aluminium is considered for the production of bridge decks made of multi-cellular extrusions welded together. Decks are to be connected to steel girders with slip-critical bolted joints, in order to achieve composite action between the deck and the girders. The main concern is the lack of accessibility of the interior of the extrusions. This prevents the setting up of the slip-critical bolteds joints, compliantly with the canadian standards about highway bridges. Two solutions are studied : the use of blind bolts and the design of an special extrusion to join the deck to the beams. For each of these solutions, a feasability study is led. Two models of blind bolts are identified, then modeled by finite elements to determine wether they match the CAN/CSA-S6-2014 requirements about slip-critical joints. The solutions explored in this project are finally campared by the mean of SWOT analysis, in order to bring out their strenghts, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Key-words 6063-T6, aluminium, blind bolt, bridge, CAN/CSA-S6-2014, deck, extrusions, finite elements slip-critical joint.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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