Prédire l'impact des ensemencements à l'aide d'outils génomiques : le cas de de l'omble de fontaine (Salvelinus fontinalis, Mitchill) au Québec

Authors: Létourneau, Justine
Advisor: Bernatchez, Louis; Garant, D.
Abstract: In fisheries management, intensive stocking programs are commonly used to enhance population abundance and maintain stock productivity. However, such practices are increasingly raising concerns since multiple studies exposed adverse stocking impacts on wild population genetic. Improvement of stocking management relies on a better understanding of the dynamic of introgressive hybridization between wild and domestic populations and on assessment of the genetic state of wild populations after stocking cessation. In Québec, Canada, five million captive reared Brook Charr (Salvelinus fontinalis) are stocked every year to support recreational fishing activities. Here, we investigated the impact of stocking history and environmental conditions on the genetic integrity of Brook charr wild populations. We collected DNA samples (n = 862, average of 30 individuals per lake) from 29 lakes that underwent different stocking intensities through time and also collected environmental parameters for each sampled lake. An average of 4,750 high quality filtered SNPs was obtained for each lake using Genotyping-By-Sequencing which were then used to quantify the mean domestic membership of each sampled population. An exhaustive process of model selection was conducted to obtain a best-fitted model that explained 56% of the variance observed in mean domestic genetic membership. The number of years since the mean year of stocking was the best explanatory variable to predict variation in mean domestic genetic membership. Our model predictions also revealed that each sampled wild population could potentially return to a wild genetic state (absence of domestic genetic background) after stocking cessation. Overall, our study provides new insights on factors determining introgressive hybridization level and suggests that stocking impacts could be reversible with time.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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