Évaluation de méthodes de lutte aux plantes envahissantes en tourbière: les cas de la quenouille et du roseau
|Advisor:||Rochefort, Line; Lavoie, Claude|
|Abstract:||Broad-leaf cattail (Typha latifolia, a native plant in North America) and common reed (Phragmites australis, haplotype M, the exotic Eurasian genotype) are often observed in Sphagnum-dominated peatlands once peat extraction activities have ceased. Both species are tall opportunistic herbs showing highly competitive behavior through vegetative propagation and seed production. They are invasive in peatlands that have been used for peat extraction and could become a major threat to restoration projects by preventing the establishment of desirable plant species and potentially reducing carbon sequestration. Furthermore, seed dispersal could contaminate adjacent commercial peat fields. Dense, nearly monospecific, patches of Cattail and Reed have been recently identified in two bogs located in eastern Canada cutover bogs. The main objective of this project was to evaluate and test methods to prevent the spread of these invasive plants in peatlands. Different control methods, such as repeated stem cutting, tarping and revegetation were tested on cattails and reeds, at Bois-des-Bel (BDB, a restored peatland) and Saint-Alexandre-de-Kamouraska (SAK, an unrestored site). Repeated cuttings (3 times per summer) decreased cattail stem density by 77 % and biomass by 88 % compared to control (no cutting) sites. Field observations suggest that a combination of tarping and planting willows to rapidly establish a dense plant cover could inhibit the regrowth of reeds. This project examines a new aspect of biological invasions in North American peatlands. It contributes to the development of technical and operational expertise regarding invasive plant control, based on experimental evidence. Key words: Broad-leaf cattail, Typha latifolia, common reed, Phragmites australis, peatlands, bog, invasion, control|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||24 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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