Étude de l'impact des gras laitiers sur la capacité des lipoprotéines de haute densité à stimuler l'efflux de cholestérol

Authors: Brassard, Didier
Advisor: Lamarche, BenoîtCouture, Patrick
Abstract: Reducing saturated fatty acids (SFA) in the diet is a common nutritional guideline, because SFA raise low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations. Low-fat dairy products are often preferred to lower SFA intake. SFA also increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, recent controlled studies indicated that HDL-C may not have a causal relationship with CVD. On the other hand, a measure of functionality, as is the cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), could provide additional information on the role of HDL in CVD. Thus, our group began the study of the effects of dairy fats on HDL-mediated CEC (HDL-CEC) to clarify the effects of SFA on HDL. Our results showed that the SFA food source affects this functionality: a diet rich in SFA from butter increased HDL-CEC more than a diet rich in SFA from cheese. Additionally, gender seemed to modify the effects of dietary fats on HDL-CEC. The butter-rich diet increased HDL-CEC in men only, while a diet rich in monounsaturated fats increased HDL-CEC in women only. Finally, we also found an association between the increase in LDL-C and the increase in HDL-CEC after the butter-rich diet on men, suggesting a compensatory mechanism.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/27759
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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