Effet des modifications de surface sur les propriétés morphologiques, mécaniques et rhéologiques de composites à base de fibres biosourcées et de polyéthylène

Authors: Chimeni Yomeni, Desire
Advisor: Rodrigue, Denis
Abstract: This doctoral thesis focuses on understanding the effect of surface modifications of hemp fibers on the one hand (250 μm - 1 mm and 8% NaOH pretreated to increase the number of active sites on their surface) and cellulose (≤ 200 μm) on the other hand, on the properties of linear medium density polyethylene (LMDPE) based composites. Two different modification approaches (MAPE in a solution (hemp and cellulose) and catalytic polymerization (hemp)) not yet well known were investigated. The first two parts of this thesis focused on understanding the effect of solution modification of hemp fiber on LMDPE composite morphological and mechanical behavior, as well as a qualitative and quantitative analysis of their interface, with emphasis on the comparison between them, the direct use of MAPE and the combination of both methods (solution and direct modification). Then, the work focused on evaluating the effect of fiber type on the composite behavior. For this purpose, the cellulose powder (≤ 200 μm) extracted from wood (Aspen wood) was modified by MAPE in a xylene solution to improve the properties of LMDPE based composites. Finally, the last part focused on the modification of hemp fibers by catalytic polymerization. For the fibers (hemp and cellulose), the results showed that they were successfully modified by MAPE in solution, as well as by catalytic polymerization for hemp. This enhanced the quality of the corresponding fiber-matrix interface. The results showed that NaOH pre-treatment mainly controlled the wettability level (physical contact) of hemp fibers by the matrix, while the use of a coupling agent (directly or in solution) controlled the interfacial adhesion (chemical interactions). Compared to the composites with unmodified fibers, an increase of the tensile strength by 21% for solution modified fiber composite, 24% after the direct use of MAPE and 31% upon combining both methods, were observed. The direct use of MAPE also significantly improved the composite Young's modulus by about 17%, followed by the combination of both method with 6% improvement, while the solution modification did not significantly affect this property. The use of cellulosic fibers increased the tensile strength of both unmodified and modified fibers composite with a 29% improvement for the composite with modified fibers. Finally, hemp modification by catalytic polymerization resulted in a significant increase in Young's modulus and tensile strength of the corresponding composite by about 8% and 43% respectively, compared to the composite with untreated fibers.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/27718
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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