La quête du bonheur partagé à travers la triade éthique africaine Luba-Kasaî

Authors: Tshikoji Mbumba, Sylvain
Advisor: De Koninck, Thomas
Abstract: For sometime, most intellectuals have agreed that the African philosophical debate has evolved around three tendencies. The first propensity has been that the promotion of traditions and local cultures is the unique and sole venue that would yield the development as well as the happiness of nations. Such a bias has proven to be dogmatic as it is rooted in the belief that people need to be self-reliant. The second proclivity claims that there is no rationale in the idea of relying solely on African traditions, when it is possible to evolve into a synergic symbiosis that includes both modern science and technology. The latter is also quite dogmatic, as it invalidates any shape or form of African rationality. The third current attempts to propitiate traditions and modernism, while putting forward the exhilaration of African customs, and being cognizant of the need to maintain openness and integration of the betterment that a contemporary society might infuse. In this respect, traditions and modernism must symphonize and assimilate their values in order to sustain their essence. However, when applying the sniff test, this debate has remained fruitless; these theories have eluded the question of addressing the existence of African nations, which, from our stand point, remains one of shared happiness. These predilections should have utilized concrete examples from African customs, in order to enhance a coherent philosophy that would propel the development and the happiness of nations. A more practical approach is proposed and illustrated in these writings, which bring forth an ethical rationale of the shared happiness we find among the People of Luba heritage, despite its socio-political implications. Within the ethnic Luba-Kasai, the human goal of everyday living is happiness. Far from being individually centered, the search for a shared happiness is the concern of the entire society (family, clan or village), extending through institutional and symbolic mediation. This perception of happiness runs the social organization, allowing the contribution from as well as the participation of each individual, to the management of the city and the commonwealth. This requires the integration of social and political structures that would advance everyone's rights, dignity and liberty. We therefore insist that the oncoming realization of African happiness does not rest uniquely on an occidental conversion model. It will become a reality when we coalesce western contemporary systems, African traditional values, openness, integration that would lead to reciprocal and mutual enrichment. It is only within such premises, starting within the Luba-Kasaï tribes, that each African nation, each African culture, will find the missing ethical and philosophical links to a more harmonious societal organization.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2017
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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