Study on the associations between physical activity, inflammatory markers and two breast cancer risk factors

Authors: Hanna, Mirette
Advisor: Diorio, Caroline
Abstract: Physical activity may decrease breast cancer risk through an anti-inflammatory effect. We aimed to examine: 1. The association of physical activity with the protein expression levels of pro-inflammatory (IL-6, TNF-α, CRP, COX-2, leptin, SAA-1, IL-8 and STAT3) and anti-inflammatory markers (TGF-β, IL-10 and lactoferrin) within normal breast tissue; 2. The association of the protein expression levels of these inflammatory markers with two breast cancer risk factors: mammographic density and age-related lobular involution; 3. The association of physical activity with the two breast cancer risk factors. Total physical activity (household, occupational and recreational) performed during a one-year period was evaluated by a validated questionnaire among 164 women having breast cancer. The protein expression of inflammatory markers was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in normal breast distant from the tumor. Mammographic density was evaluated by a computer-assisted method on the non-affected breast. Age-related lobular involution was visually evaluated on normal breast tissue distant from the tumor. Associations were evaluated by multivariate linear regression models. We observed association between increasing levels of total physical activity and lower expression levels of the pro-inflammatory marker TNF-α and higher expression levels of the anti-inflammatory marker IL-10 in normal breast tissue. Moreover, higher expression levels of some pro-inflammatory markers (IL-6, TNF-α and SAA1) were associated with higher mammographic density whereas, higher expression levels of the anti-inflammatory marker TGF-β were associated with lower percent mammographic density. Higher expression levels of some pro-inflammatory markers (IL-6, TNF-α, CRP, COX-2, leptin, SAA1 and IL-8) and the anti-inflammatory marker IL-10 were associated with less involuted breasts. We observed no significant association between total physical activity and mammographic density or the degree of lobular involution. Although the expression of inflammatory markers seems to be associated with breast risk factors, physical activity may not decrease breast cancer risk solely through an anti-inflammatory effect.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2015
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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