Optimization of polypropylene cellular films for piezoelectric applications
|Advisor:||Rodrigue, Denis; Ajji, Abdellah; Mighri, Frej|
|Abstract:||This thesis is composed of two main objectives: the continuous production of thin foamed polypropylene (PP) films having an eye-like cellular structure, followed by the preparation of ferroelectret PP films through corona discharge for piezoelectric applications. In the first part of this work, a continuous extrusion-calendaring setup was developed to produce PP foamed films for piezoelectric applications. The setup is based on physical foaming using supercritical nitrogen (SC-N2) and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) as nucleating agent. The processing parameters (screw design, temperature profile, blowing agent and nucleating agent content, and stretching speed) were optimized to achieve a specific stretched eye-like cellular structure with a uniform cell size distribution. The results showed that a cellular structure with higher cell aspect ratio (AR) has lower Young’s modulus, which is appropriate for piezoelectric cellular films. In the second part, ferroelectret PP films were produced. After optimization of the corona discharge process (charging voltage, needle distance, charging time), the piezoelectric properties of the resulting films were characterized and the optimum quasi-static piezoelectric d33 coefficient value was 550 pC/N. To better characterize the film behavior, dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) was proposed as a simple method to relate the piezoelectric properties of the cellular PP films to their morphology (cell size, geometry and density). Finally, through a post-processing treatment based on the saturation of the foamed PP film with SC-N2, a temperature-pressure procedure was developed to improve the cellular structure (more stretched eye-like cells). This treatment was shown to increase by 45% the d33 coefficient (800 pC/N).|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||24 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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