Recolonisation des mares d'un fen en restauration par les araignées et les dytiques

Authors: Drapeau Picard, André-Philippe
Advisor: Rochefort, LineLarrivée, Maxime
Abstract: The moss layer transfer technique, widely used for peatland restoration after peat extraction in North America, aims to facilitate plant cover re-establishment dominated by peat-accumulating mosses. Efficient in that regard, the approach fails to restore habitat heterogeneity that supports the high biodiversity of natural peatlands. Peatland pools are habitats with an associated characteristic fauna and flora, contributing significantly to peatland biodiversity. In restored peatlands, man-made pools should increase habitat heterogeneity and thus, species diversity. In virtually all ecosystems, arthropods are diverse and abundant, and they are sensitive to fine-scale environmental changes, making them relevant as ecological indicators. To assess how pools should be designed in order to facilitate arthropod recolonization, 21 pools distributed in two depth classes (deep and shallow) and three vegetation classes (mosses, shrubs and graminoid plants) were designed in a restored fen in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region. Four natural fens with pools of the same region were assessed as reference ecosystem. Spiders (Araneae) and predacious diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) were sampled around and within pools using pitfall traps and funnel minnow traps, respectively. In order to determine how treatments and measured environmental variables influence arthropod assemblages, the later were compared, using multivariate analysis, between pools in the restored and reference ecosystems. Of the three vegetation types tested, man-made pools with graminoid plants showed an arachnofauna and a microenvironment more similar to the reference ecosystem. Dytiscid diversity of shallow man-made pools was similar to that of reference ecosystem. The creation of pools of variable depth and the introduction of graminoid-type vegetation on pool margins is recommended in restored fens in order to optimize the return of a biodiversity similar to reference ecosystems.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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