Analyse de profils de chaussées : effet du gel saisonnier et de la dégradation du pergélisol

Authors: Grégoire, Laurie-Anne
Advisor: Doré, Guy
Abstract: Methods adapted to road condition are needed to maintain and rehabilitate roads built on permafrost or in context of seasonal frost. Several issues can lead to increase repair and maintenance costs, decrease the pavement’s lifetime and increase problems related to the safety of road users. The project objective is to develop a profile analysis tool, which would help to locate thaw and frost sensitive zones, diagnose the causes of degradation and select proper mitigation strategies. The research project is divided into two parts. The first section is related to frost heaves on pavements in context of seasonal frost. Currently, there are diagnosis methods for detecting areas where frost susceptibility is present. These methods do not allow to determine whether the freezing problem is under or at the surface of the road; in other words if the problem is related to differential heave or uplift cracks. Moreover, the methods used are not adapted to municipal roads. According to the known problems of some sites, it was possible to develop a chart used to differentiate if the frost problem is in surface layers or deep in the road subgrade. Then, a 3D analysis was done to complement the chart. Using this technology, a new method will be developed to detect freezing problems through the transverse profiles. The second part focuses on the pavements built on permafrost. Current methods for detecting the degradation of permafrost under roads are unclear and need to be refined. Three test sites were studied on the Alaska Highway in Yukon. Depending on various analysis, such as analysis of longitudinal profiles, the spectral density and wavelength, trends analysis were found to characterize the instability of permafrost.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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