Développement et pré-test d'un plan de soins de suivi pour des femmes atteintes du cancer de l'endomètre avec traitements adjuvants lors de la transition de la fin du traitement actif vers la survie au cancer
|Abstract:||The end of active treatment and the beginning of survivorship correspond to a period of transition which presents many challenges for cancer survivors, caregivers and the health care system. The cancer survivorship phase (that follows primary treatment) is a distinct phase but overlooked in the continuum of care. To facilitate the transition from the end of active treatment to survivorship and optimize the coordination of follow-up care, the implementation of a survivorship care plan is proposed. The purpose of this research is to develop, implement and evaluate whether a survivorship care plan (SCP) meets global needs, reduce emotional distress (fear of cancer recurrence) and promote the empowerment of women with endometrial cancer during the transition from the end of active treatment to survivorship. The research consists of two distinct phases. The first phase was to develop a survivorship care plan (SCP) for women with endometrial cancer and adjuvant treatments. The content of the SCP was selected from the literature review and data collected during interviews with 19 women with endometrial cancer, 24 health professionals working with this population and four managers dedicated to oncology. This first phase included the validation of the SCP by ten health professionals involved in the study. The second phase was to evaluate the feasibility, the acceptability of the SCP and pre-test its use to meet global needs, reduce emotional distress (fear of recurrence) and promote empowerment for 18 women with endometrial cancer and adjuvant treatments at the end of the active treatment towards survivorship. In terms of feasibility, the results suggest that the implementation of the SCP has challenges in terms of time, resources and coordination for the oncology nurse navigators. Regarding the acceptability of the SCP, the women perceived it as a tool with useful information that facilitates communication with the family doctor or other health professionals. The nurse navigators support its value added at the end of treatment and acknowledge that the discussion involved with the SCP highlights essential elements of monitoring and follow-up to take into account in survivorship and allows the emphasis on health self-management. For family doctors, the SCP is a tool with information for survivors that promotes reassurance, communication and continuity of care between health professionals. Finally, with regard to the usefulness of the SCP to meet global needs, the results suggest that all the needs are more satisfied at three-month follow-up for the group receiving the SCP. Although the fear of cancer recurrence decreases at the three-month follow-up for the group with SCP, 55% of women maintained a clinically significant score of 13 on severity subscale of fear of cancer recurrence at the end of treatment and 42% at three-month follow-up. Health self-management behaviors (empowerment) improved between the end of treatment and the three-month follow-up for the group receiving a SCP. Considering these results, the approach supports the relevance of implementing a survivorship care plan at the end of active treatment for women with endometrial cancer to fulfill information needs, promote communication and continuity of care with health care professionals and promote health self-management behaviors in survivorship. However, constraints of time, resources and coordination must be taken into account for its implementation in the clinical community. Keywords: Transition, end of active treatment, needs, cancer survivorship, survivorship care plan.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||24 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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