Dialectique des regards : l'autre et la construction du récit de soi dans l'auto-filmage pathographique

Authors: Cibilleau, Aurélien
Advisor: Beaulieu, Julie
Abstract: The aim of this essay is to analyse the use of filming oneself by certain film directors and particularly in the two following films: La Pudeur ou L’Impudeur (Herve Guibert) and Tarnation (Jonathan Caouette). We have grouped these movies into one category: “auto-filmage pathographique’’. Cameras are nowadays so much easier to use than in the past, so much so that patients are able to easily use them to challenge powerful medical and cinematographic institutions. These shocking images of wounded and mutilated bodies may also have a catastrophic impact on our imaginative minds as we are not accustomed to them. The author’s illness influences the way the self-narrative script is led. This autobiographical exercise enables a complete new redefinition of sincerity to be revealed. The aim is to use fictional processes to create a speech about oneself whose truth depends on other criteria than that commonly used. Therefore “l’auto-filmage pathographique” requires a profound change of behavior & the use of Michel Foucault’s “techniques de soi”. It implies reconciliation with one’s physical & mental identity. Therefore cinematographic self-narrative is not only a life changing element but also a spiritual exercise. The directors do not however uniquely point the cameras towards themselves. Each one includes a few privileged individuals, possibly family members, in their films. The focus on oneself is not meant to dissociate the director from the others around him. Therefore there is a link between self-filming and the use of subjective camera. The director is not alone, his approach is not a solipsism. Although self-filming may indicate egotistical intentions, it is not a selfish exercise, shown through the appearance of others, who may even take the camera into their own hands.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/27120
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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