Évaluation d'une nouvelle méthode de calcul des assemblages en bois à l'aide de connecteurs de petits diamètres
|Advisor:||Salenikovich, Alexander; Quenneville, Pierre|
|Abstract:||Connections in wood structures must be able to transfer the load between the elements to ensure the structure integrity. Connections are critical in wood structures because under seismic load, they are used to ensure a ductile failure of the entire structure. This failure mode is preferable because it allows to dissipate the energy by developing large deformation, so that safe evacuation of occupants before the building collapse is possible. Small diameter fasteners like nails, screws and rivets are used a lot in wood structures under the assumption that they lead to a ductile failure although the calculations made with the current design method does not allow the designer to be sure of that. Furthermore, rivets have a very limited application because the current design method only applies to very specific configurations and wood species products. The objective of this project is to evaluate a new calculation method proposed by Zarnani and Quenneville from New-Zealand for connections with rivets, which can be extended to other small diameter fasteners in timber connections. It is not limited to specific configurations or wood products and it allows the designer to predict the failure mode. Over 70 tests on riveted and nailed connections with resistances varying from 40kN to 800kN were conducted during this project in order to validate the application of this method using a Canadian-made glulam timber. The new method was compared with design methods currently used in Canada. Ductile, mixed and brittle failure modes were targeted with the emphasis on brittle failure because it has the highest variability and it is the least studied.Wood connections were made of Nordic Lam glulam using rivets or nails with configurations varying from 18 to 128 fasteners. The results show good predictions of the connection resistance and the failure modes of connections with nails and rivets. For some configurations of rivets connections, the predictions of the new method are higher than predictions using the current design method. The nails connections showed rupture of the nails shank near the shear plane in all tests, which does not correspond to ductile or brittle failure modes predicted by the model.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||24 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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