Développement d'une stratégie de modification du bois afin de limiter les variations dimensionnelles du produit lambris dans un contexte éco-responsable

Authors: Essoua Essoua, Gatien Géraud
Advisor: Blanchet, PierreBeauregard, RobertLandry, Véronic
Abstract: The work presented in this thesis is divided in two research tracks. The first axis regards the wood treatment. The aim of that work, was to reduce dimensional variation and to improve the resistance to fungal decay. The work of the second track presents the environmental impact of the citric acid-glycerol treatment. The purpose was to demonstrate that, enhancement of the service life expectancy of the siding product compensates the environmental impacts of this treatment. In the first axis, two treatments were considered, one with maleic anhydride and the second with citric acid and glycerol mixture. For the first treatment, the effects of two parameters, drying time and esterification temperature were analysed and different performance tests were performed. These tests were: dimensional stability, decay and accelerate aging. Three drying times (12 h, 18 h and 24 h) and three levels of esterification temperature (140 °C, 160 °C and 180 °C) were examined. For the second treatment, after identification, during the preliminary test, of the best catalyst, hydrochloric acid (HCl), the best ratio treatment was identified (3/1). Dimensional stability, decay, hardness and pull-off tests were performed. For a better understanding of the obtained results, qualitative analyses were performed. These were Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) analysis. Weight loss analysis was also performed as a quantitative analysis. In the second axis, the environment impact of citric acid and glycerol mixture treatment was evaluated by SimaPro software v8. Ecoinvent data base and Impact2002+ impact method were also used in this part of the study. Based on the results of the second treatment (citric acid and glycerol mixture) and the literature research, service life expectancy of siding wood treated was estimated. Different scenarios defined on the basis of the service life expectancy estimated. For this aim, life cycle assessment (LCA) was used as design tool. The drying time and esterification temperature parameters affect the results obtained in the case of the first treatment. Better results in terms of dimensional stability and accelerated aging, were obtained for the samples dried for 24 h and esterified at 180 °C. The citric acid and glycerol mixture treatment improves wood dimensional stability. Decay and hardness were improved compared to untreated samples. For the pull-off test, the treatment was found to reduce coating adhesion on the wood surface. The environmental impacts of the treatment process were mainly linked to the energy consumption (electricity). Citric acid and glycerol mixture treatment improves the service life expectancy of siding and the scenario of life service that presents treated lodgepole pine wood siding as more ecofriendly than the untreated one corresponds to 55 years.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/27111
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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