The role of glass modifiers in the solubility of Tm3+ ions in As2S3 glasses

Authors: Galstyan, Ani
Advisor: Messaddeq, YounèsGalstian, Tigran
Abstract: Over the years a number of chalcogenide glass compositions have been studied as host matrices for Rare Earth (RE) ions. However, it still remains a great challenge to obtain a glass matrix with high solubility of RE ions and to fabricate a RE doped chalcogenide glass fiber with good optical quality. The present PhD thesis focuses on the study of new glassy systems as host matrices for doping of RE ions, which allowed to obtain RE doped optical fibers transparent in near and middle IR. Studied glassy systems were based on well-known arsenic sulphide (As2S3) glasses co-doped with Tm3+ ions and different glass modifiers. Firstly, the addition of Gallium (Ga) ions as co-dopants was examined and their influence on the emission properties of Tm ions was explored. With the incorporation of Ga into the host, Tm doped As2S3 glasses display three strong emission bands at 1.2 μm (1H5→3H6), 1.4 μm (3H4→3F4) and 1.8 μm (3F4→3H6) under excitation wavelengths of 698 nm and 800 nm. Despite the very small glass forming region of the system Ga-As-S we could optimise the concentration ratio of Ga and Tm to achieve the highest possible photoluminescence efficiency. From the optimal composition, Tm3+ doped Ga-As-S fiber was drawn and its luminescence properties were studied. Through structural characterisation of Tm doped Ga-As-S glasses, using Raman spectroscopy and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy at As K-edge, Ga K-edge and Tm L3-edge, a formation mechanism has been proposed for this glassy system and it was correlated with luminescence features of Tm ions. In the second part, the modification of Tm3+ doped As2S3 glasses with the incorporation of halides (namely Iodine (I2)) was investigated, as a method for tailoring the process parameters for purification, in order to obtain a high purity glass matrix via chemical distillation. All three of above mentioned emission bands were observed for this system as well, under the 800 nm of excitation wavelength. Optical, thermal and structural properties of these glassy systems were characterized experimentally depending on the concentration of I2 and Tm in the glass, where the attention was concentrated on two principal aspects: the influence of the concentration of I2 on the intensity of emission of Tm and the mechanisms responsible for the increase of the solubility of Tm ions in As2S3 glass matrix with addition of I2.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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