Génomique des populations et association génotype-phénotype des écotypes de touladi du Lac Supérieur
|Advisor:||Bernatchez, Louis; Sirois, Pascal|
|Abstract:||Understanding the emergence and maintenance of sympatric ecotypes adapted to various trophic niches is a central topic in evolutionary biology, and also has implications for conservation and management. Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaycush) is renowned for the occurrence of phenotypically distinct ecotypes linked to resource and habitat use throughout North America. A total of four ecotypes have been described in Lake Superior that differ in terms of habitat, diet, morphology and osteology. The principal objective of this study was to quantify the extent of genetic differentiation among sampling sites and among ecotypes. The secondary objective was to identify markers potentially under divergent selection among the four ecotypes that may underlie local adaptation. To this end, a total of 486 individuals were genotyped at 6822 SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphism). In addition, these analyses were conducted alongside morphometric analyses to characterise the extent of morphological divergence among ecotypes within each sampling site. Results reveal that overall genetic differentiation is weak and is higher among sites than among ecotypes within each site. Moreover, we found evidence for divergent selection among ecotypes, and in some instances in association with morphological variation. These markers represent ecologically important traits linked to ecotype divergence. Results from this study will benefit management and conservation practices, and will guide the choice of source populations for stocking in the Great Lakes.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||24 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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