La promotion de la saine alimentation chez des femmes à risque de développer du diabète gestationnel
|Advisor:||Robitaille, Julie; Lemieux, Simone|
|Abstract:||The general objective of this thesis is to identify innovative ways to promote healthy eating, that is fruit and vegetable consumption, among women at risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus. Intervention Mapping was used to guide the development of the intervention. To achieve the thesis’ goal, four distinct, but complementary research projects were conducted. The first research project was a systematic review on the validation of self-reported measures of foods and nutrients in pregnancy. The objective of this review was to identify self-reported measures assessing diet during pregnancy and to critically appraise their psychometric qualities in order to identify which tools should preferably be used among pregnant women. The objective of the second research project was to validate a brief questionnaire on fruit and vegetable consumption among pregnant women. The third project was a formative research whose objective was to develop the content of a questionnaire using implementation intentions to encourage fruit and vegetable intake in women at risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus. The objective of the fourth research project was to test the efficacy of an implementation intentions intervention compared to a control group based on the question-behavior effect to promote fruit and vegetable consumption among childbearing age (18 to 44 years) women at risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus. Implementation intentions and the question-behavior effect were effective techniques to increase vegetable consumption among childbearing age women at risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus. This result suggests that these two techniques can be used to promote healthy eating before the onset of pregnancy to lower risks of developing gestational diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes and thus favor the health of the woman and her child. In sum, the thesis’ four research projects allowed the development of an intervention which used a validated tool to measure fruit and vegetable intake, which addressed the target population’s needs and that was effective in promoting healthy eating among women at risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||24 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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