Les paysages sous-marins du Québec : le cas de la découverte, de la mise en valeur et de la reconnaissance du jardin des Escoumins

Authors: V.-Lefebvre, Camille
Advisor: Hatvany, Matthew George
Abstract: This master’s thesis, addressed as an exploratory research, study the emerging concept of underwater landscapes (seascapes) presented through a case study - the Escoumins’ garden - located in the Saguenay–St-Lawrence Marine Park. Thus, in recent decades, two complications arose regarding the seascape concept since, on one hand, we are examining a divorce between Quebecers and the St. Lawrence River, and on the other, we are observing the frequent geographical literature failure of its recognition. In short, two research questions follow this problematic, first: What are the methods used during the XXth and XXIst century in the seascapes’ construction in Quebec? and: What is the role of the different actors, and specifically of the divers, in the development and recognition of the Escoumins’ seascape? The research was accomplished through a regional and global extensive literature review on the concept of seascape. Subsequently, a survey comprised of 35 questions submitted to a sample of 73 Quebec divers was analyzed, as well as seven semi-structured interviews with key players from the field. Then the study and mapping of the spatial relationships between divers and hangouts for their activities were performed. The results show the complex interrelationships between processes related to these atypical landscape construction features (e.g. territory, Nordic environment, technology, the practice of recreational sports, sites aesthetics, as well as economic and tourism development in the surrounding areas) and key players. As with the "discovery" and recognition of alpine landscapes since the XVIIIth century in Europe, the discovery and slow emphasis of Quebec seascapes are caused by the sites’ marginality. Thus, the seascape’s construction recognition is buzzing in Quebec and the impact of this concept on the development and the economy of dive sites, such as the Escoumins, becomes capital.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/27077
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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