Représentations des pratiques parentales, de la maltraitance et de la protection de la jeunesse : une comparaison entre parents québécois et colombiens

Authors: Boilard, Alexandra
Advisor: Leanza, Yvan Raffaele
Abstract: Immigration has been increasing for the past 25 years in Canada. Between 1999 and 2008, the largest group of refugees settling in the province of Quebec came from Colombia. This increase in population diversity is not without consequences for public health institutions. This is true in particular for the child welfare system in which migrant and refugee families are overrepresented. It is also recognized that the acculturation process causes a change in parental roles. Furthermore, research has established a link between the endorsement of certain values, such as family-orientation (familismo) and adherence to gender roles (machismo), to explain the practices of « latino » migrant parents and the way they represent their possible implication in public health institutions. This comparative study aims to explore three types of representations among parents: parenting practices, maltreatment and child welfare system. This exploration was conducted among two groups of parents in Quebec: Quebecers and Colombians who migrated to Quebec city. A mixed method design was privileged and included focus groups. A total of 49 participants (Quebecers: 30, 5 focus groups and Colombians: 19, 4 focus groups) took part in focus group discussions and each participant completed three questionnaires. These questionnaires measured familismo, machismo and acculturation. The mean scores of familismo, machismo and acculturation were integrated into the thematic analysis. It appears that Quebecers’ and Colombians’ representations of maltreatment and child welfare system, as well as parenting practices differ very little. However, differences between Colombians and Quebecers emerged concerning representations of the development of autonomy and the idealization of children's success. The role of the institution, and more precisely of the child welfare system, in familial conflict resolution also raises contrasting speech between the two groups. Considering the diversity of Quebec’s society, migrant parents’ representations should be taken into account when intervening among these families. Information concerning the functioning of the child welfare system should be disseminated among migrant parents to demystify the role of this system.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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