Effets des procédés d'usinage de finition sur les propriétés de surface, la performance d'un vernis et l'émission de poussières du bois de chêne rouge

Authors: Roque Ugulino De Oliveira, Bruna
Advisor: Hernández, Roger
Abstract: Coating performance on wood could be affected for different aspects including the manner in which the surface is prepared. Sanding is often used to prepare wood surfaces prior to finishing. However, this process can generate large amount of wood dust. Thus, the effects of machining processes on surface properties, coating performance and dust emission were investigated in an attempt to determine the most appropriate methods for surface preparation of red oak wood. In a first part of this project, surface properties and coating performance were evaluated on machined surfaces obtained by sanding, peripheral and helical planing as well as oblique cutting. Surface quality was assessed through roughness, scanning electron micrographs and wettability analyses. The performance of a solvent-borne coating was measured by adhesion strength before and after an accelerated aging. The results showed that sanding induced high surface roughness and fibrillation level as well as high wettability and pull-off strength after aging than other processes. Peripheral planing samples showed a certain cell-wall fibrillation, and intermediate surface roughness and wetting properties. Helical planing samples presented intermediate surface roughness. On the other hand, oblique cutting showed similar loss in adhesion to sanding. This process generated smooth surfaces with intermediate roughness and wettability. Based on the results, sanding with a single stage program P100-grit at 7 m/min feed speed, peripheral planing with a rake angle of 25° and a wavelength of 1.0 mm, helical planing with a wavelength of 1.0 mm, and oblique cutting with an oblique angle of 15° were the best machining conditions for each process. In a second part of the study, the effect of cutting parameters on dust emission and surface roughness was studied during the helical planing of red oak wood. Results showed that dust emission decreased significantly when lower cutting depth and higher average chip thickness was used. However, samples cut at the highest average chip thickness showed higher values of surface roughness. This implies that if a smoother surface is required, an intermediate feed speed should be used in order to decrease surface roughness without exposing woodworker to high levels of wood dust. Moreover, dust emission for each particle size fraction can be estimate through the models developed as a function of average chip thickness and cutting depth.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/27028
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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