Design and modeling of optical fibers for spatial division multiplexing using the orbital angular momentum of light

Authors: Brunet, Charles
Advisor: Rusch, Leslie
Abstract: The always increasing need for digital data bandwidth pushes the development of emerging technologies to increase network capacity, especially for optical fiber infrastructures. Among those technologies, spatial multiplexing is a promising way to multiply the capacity of current optical links. In this thesis, we are particularly interested in current spatial multiplexing using the orbital angular momentum of light as an orthogonal basis to distinguish between a few optical channels. We first introduce notions from electromagnetism and physic needed for the understanding of the later developments. We derive Maxwell’s equations describing scalar and vector modes of optical fiber. We also present other modal properties like mode cutoff, group index, and dispersion. Orbital angular momentum is briefly explained, with emphasis on its applications to optical communications. In the second part, we propose the modal map as a tool that can help in the design of few mode fibers. We develop the vectorial solution of the ring-core fiber cutoff equation, then we extend those equations to all varieties of three-layer fiber profiles. Finally, we give some examples of the use of the modal map. In the third part of this thesis, we propose few fiber designs for the transmission of modes with an orbital angular momentum. The tools that were developed in the second part of this thesis are now used in the design process of those fibers. A first fiber design, characterized by a hollow center, is studied and demonstrated. Then a second design, a family of ring-core fibers, is studied. Effective indexes and group indexes are measured on the fabricated fibers, and compared to numerical simulations. The tools and the fibers developed in this thesis allowed a deeper comprehension of the transmission of orbital angular momentum modes in fiber. We hope that those achievements will help in the development of next generation optical communication systems using spatial multiplexing.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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