La réception du hip-hop chez des rappeurs afro-québécois dans la ville de Québec : appropriation intersectionnelle de problématiques multidimensionnelles

Authors: Atséna Abogo, Marie Thérèse
Advisor: Henrion-Dourcy, IsabelleMoumouni, Charles
Abstract: This research analyzes the afroquebecer rappers of the community of Limoilou (Limoilou Starz) and their friends of Montcalm in Quebec City as actors who appropriate elements of identity, social struggle and economic survival from global and American hip-hop, to help solve their particular challenges. The merits of the various struggles through their art and specific techniques (lyrics, public speaking and in medias and stand-ups, branding campains, online networks) are acquired by multiple sociohistorically rooted forms of capital. From an ethnographic study conducted with 31 participants in the city of Quebec, the concept of "negociated reception" is used to describe the process of resistance of the meaning to these different dominations produced by the actors in positions of power. These modes of domination come from state institutions agents (such as Quebec City Police officers), corporations agents (such as managers of entertainment clubs and of major and independent music labels), and also from individual or groups of peers of hip-hop milieu, through bullying strategies. he “emergent-fit” theory (Guillemette, 2006; Guillemette and Luckerhoff, 2009 ) presents hip-hop music as a renogociated musical field (Bourdieu, 1976 and 1989; Rimmer, 2010), and a multidimensional structure (social, identity, political, and economic) that intersects (through multiple categories such as place of residence, race, and economic capacity), and take shape in and through the mental and physical dispositions (habitus) of the studied actors. The results of this research show that some rappers are "resistant'' to the dominations of their various oppressors. Some others are nevertheless accepting the domination from national ideologies, entrepreneurs and peers, although they are conscious of it. Finally, one small group of studied rappers rejects it completely. Thus, intersectional appropriation of dominant meaning through hip-hop music leads to multiple readings of domination and resistance.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/26954
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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