Effet des charges sur les chaussées en période de restriction des charges-volet terrain
|Abstract:||In strict climatic conditions such as in Quebec, the interaction between load and climate has a great influence on the performance of flexible pavement structures (Doré and Zubeck, 2009). During the spring thaw, when ice melts, the weakening of the pavement makes it vulnerable to solicitation by heavy traffic, speeding various phenomena of degradation, including fatigue damage and structural rutting (Farcette, 2010). In order to minimize the effects of heavy loads on a pavement weakened by the spring, road authorities often choose to limit axle loads or vehicle upon thawing. The purpose of this project is to develop a tool for load restrictions management in thaw period based on data gathered by the road weather stations. Two experimental sections built with the same material but with different thicknesses of asphalt concrete located at Laval University Experimental Road Site (SERUL) were used for this project. Each layer of the tested sections was instrumented with strain, stress, moisture, and temperature sensors. A falling weight deflectometer (FWD) was used to simulate heavy loads. The results obtained made it possible to understand the mechanisms of pavement weakening during the thaw. They also showed that the application of a load restriction period during the thaw allowed to have a gain on the life cycle, thus a load restriction period is justified and effective. Nevertheless, for better management of the road network, new criteria to better determine the load restriction period are proposed.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||24 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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