Développement d'un senseur électrochimique pour le dosage des nitrates en laboratoire et en pépinière forestière
|Abstract:||The nitrate leaching represent a serious problematic because of ground water contamination, surface water eutrophication and soil degradation. The need for a better quantification tools to acquire data on the use of fertilizer is for great interest. This thesis presents the development of the first generation of a new electrochemical sensor for nitrate quantification based on the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy of an ion selective polymeric membrane. With this approach, a compact and cheap sensor has been produced. By its usage in aqueous solution and saturated growing media, it has been shown that the sensor allows the quantification of controlled nitrate additions from 0.6 ppm to 60 ppm. The practical application in growing media has been compared to ISO-17025 certified methods of growth medium analysis. Moreover, the sensor showed great versatility by its compatibility to many impedance measurement apparatus. Also, it has shown great stability under variables environmental condition during one month in a forest nursery. Through the impedance spectra obtained in pure solution at different concentrations, an equivalent electrical circuit has been established for the system, showing two competitive pathways for the current. The first one is going through the membrane and the second is reaching into the solution. The results of these experiments are reported in two scientific publications and included in this thesis. In conclusion, a second generation of sensor is needed to improve the quality performance regarding their selectivity and temporal stability.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||24 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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