Métabolisme des glucocorticoïdes dans le poumon murin en développement : la voie surrénalienne

Authors: Gilbert, Catherine
Advisor: Tremblay, YvesProvost, Pierre
Abstract: For many years, to reduce the risk of respiratory distress in newborns, antenatal glucocorticoids are administered to the mother about to deliver prematurely to accelerate fetal lung maturation. At birth, surfactant therapy can be used with several assisted ventilation strategies according to the morbidity of the neonate. Postnatal administration of glucocorticoids to the neonate is not recommended as they interfere with organ systems including the lung development process named septation. Previous studies performed in the Dr Tremblay’s laboratory have shown in the whole lung of the mouse: 1) the capability of the fetal lung to express several steroidogenic enzyme genes involved in glucocorticoid synthesis and; 2) the presence of a steroid-metabolizing activity compatible with the regulation of the substrate levels. The major enzymes involved in these processes are the 21-hydroxylase and the 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, which are respectively encoded by Cyp21a1 and Akr1c18. The objective of my study was to find the sites of expression for these two genes. To do so, mouse fetal lungs isolated on gestation days 15.5, 17.5, and 19.5, and on postnatal days 0, 5, and 15 days were used for in situ hybridization with 21-hydroxylase and 20α-HSD mRNAs. My results indicate that before birth, 21-hydroxylase mRNA is found in epithelial distal cells whereas the 20α-HSD gene is primarily expressed in capillaries. Around birth, 21-hydroxylase mRNA are associated with the proximal epithelium and endothelial cells of several veins. From the late saccular stage up to the half of the alveolar period, 21-hydroxylase mRNA is only associated with thin walls and septae. The situation was the same for 20α-HSD mRNA except for the alveolar stage during which no signal was detected. These results indicate that the expression profile of these two genes is compatible with the modulation of 21-hydroxylase substrates by the 20α-HSD.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/26863
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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