Automatisation de la fonction de façonnage de deux têtes d’abatteuses-façonneuses : effets sur la productivité et le taux de conformité des billes façonnées

Authors: Bouchard, Mathieu
Advisor: Beaudoin, DanielLeBel, Luc
Abstract: All forest companies try to control their supply costs. Single-grip harvesters are equipped with onboard computers that allow control and automation of some functions. However, these technologies are not used on a regular basis and are in the best cases underutilized. While industrials are showing a growing interest in the utilization of these systems, there have been only a few studies that have documented the impacts of the use of these systems on productivity and quality conformity. The objective of this study was to measure the impacts on productivity and on bucking quality of different degrees of automation of the bucking of a single-grip harvester head. Three different automation degrees, manual, semi-automatic and automatic, have been compared with two different teams composed of 5 operators. Each operator was a different case study. Comparisons were realized on the obtained productivities and on the conformities of the logs lengths and topping diameters. Data collection was made on the logging sites operated by Resolute forest products, in the northern part of Lac St-Jean between January and August 2015. A 5% significance level has been used to realise the variances analysis, where contrasts were employed. Only one case study showed a significant productivity difference linked to the in the automation degree changes. Even if the collected data did not show significant differences on the topping diameters conformities, some tendencies were detected. However, significant differences were detected on the conformity of the lengths of the logs of two operators. Because those two operators work on different harvesters, this might show that the operator can have an impact on the lengths conformity.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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