Méthodes d'éléments finis pour les interactions fluide-structure
|Advisor:||Fortin, André; Deteix, Jean|
|Abstract:||This thesis is concerned with the modeling of fluid-structure interactions (FSI) and the corresponding specific numerical methods. The thesis is divided into two principal parts. The first part concerns the study of fluid-structure interactions using the fictitious domain method. In this contribution, the fluid is incompressible and laminar and the structure is considered rigid, whether stationary or moving. The tools we have developed include the implementation of a reliable resolution algorithm that incorporates both domains (fluid and solid) in a common mixed formulation. The algorithm is based on adaptive local mesh refinement techniques used to distinguish the elements in the fluid from those of the solid either in 2D or 3D. The second part is the study of the mechanical interactions between a flexible structure and an incompressible fluid. In this context, we propose and analyze partitioned numerical methods for simulating fluid-structure interaction phenomena (FSI). We adopt an "arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian" (ALE) formulation for this purpose. The fluid resolution is performed iteratively by means of a projection scheme and the structure is modeled by hyperelastic models in large deformations. We have introduced new mesh update methods to achieve large deformation of the structure. Finally, a more complex strategy for FSI problem is proposed. The turbulence and two-phase flows modelling are introduced and coupled to the resolution of the Navier-Stokes equations for studying FSI problems. The numerical results presented attest the validity and effiency of the proposed numerical methods developed.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||24 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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