Fibronectin/phosphorylcholine coatings on fluorocarboned surfaces : a study upon adsorption and grafting processes

Authors: Montano Machado, Vanessa
Advisor: Mantovani, D.
Abstract: Over the past years, we have perceived the remarkable growth of the field of biomaterials, evolving from simple prosthetics to complex materials with specific bioactivities. Advances in materials science jointed with an improved understanding of biological systems have carried the ability to create synthetic materials, which would modulate and/or stimulate specific biological responses. In this way, it has been possible to greatly improving the performance of biomaterials. Indeed, when a dispositive is implanted in the human body, the clinical success of the biomaterial is influenced by the first interactions its surface establishes with the surrounding biological tissues and fluids. Regarding cardiovascular devices, various coatings have been investigated to modify the surface properties of stents and to improve their clinical efficacy. In this context, coating biomaterials with several molecules having complementary properties is an interesting approach to accomplish different biological targets. However, the elucidation of the interaction between those molecules will be relevant to predict the preservation of their specific properties on the biomaterial surface. In this work, coatings for cardiovascular applications were created containing two molecules with complementary properties: fibronectin (FN) to promote endothelialization and phosphorylcholine (PRC) for hemocompatibility. Adsorption and grafting techniques were used to achieve different coatings containing both molecules on stainless steel substrate previously coated with a fluorocarbon polymer deposited by plasma treatment. Polytetrafluoroethylene films were first used as model surfaces to explore the interaction of FN and PRC with fluorocarbon surfaces as well as with cells and blood. The stability of FN coatings on fluorocarbon/stainless steel substrates was accomplished through plastic deformation, static and under-flow dynamic tests. Coatings were characterized through X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, immunostaining, water contact angle, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Atomic Force Microscopy and Time of Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (imaging and depth profiling analyses). The interaction of coatings with endothelial cells and blood was also assessed. Regarding FN coatings, those where the protein was grafted, presented denser and more homogeneous coatings. In the case of while PRC coatings, those adsorbed resulted in higher homogeneity than those where PRC was chemical activated during the grating process. Surface characterization of FN/PRC was correlated to the biological properties. Coatings where FN was first grafted followed by the adsorption of PRC exhibited the best results for cardiovascular applications: promotion of endothelialization and hemocompatibility properties. Concerning the stability tests, FN grafted exhibited higher stability than FN adsorbed. Indeed, the relevance of investigating under dynamic conditions (under-flow tests) versus static tests as wells as the comparison of different strategies to create coatings were evidenced. Further experiments are required to study the stability of PRC coatings and to enhance the mimicking of the biological environment in order to predict the interaction of the coatings with living tissues in vivo.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 24 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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